Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Mononucleosis
Mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold.
Clinical Pearl of the Day: Mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease.
- The virus that causes mono (Epstein-Barr virus) is spread through saliva.
- Mononucleosis can be passed through kissing, but exposure can also occur by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. However, mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold.
- Symptoms may include fatigue, sore throat, fever, swollen lymph, swollen tonsils, headache, skin rash, and swollen spleen.
- Causes: The most common cause of mononucleosis is the Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses also can cause similar symptoms.
- Diagnosis may include antibody testing as well as white blood cell count.
- Preventive tools may include gargling with salt water, OTC pain relievers, and drinking plenty of fruits juices and water.
- Treatment may include antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and penicillin.