Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Menopause

Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s, but the average age is 51 years in the United States.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Menopause

Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycles.


  • Diagnosis: Menopause is diagnosed after you've gone 12 months without a menstrual period.
    • Menopause can happen when women enter their 40s or 50s, but the average age is 51 years in the United States.
  • Symptoms include irregular periods, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, chills, night sweats, sleep problems, mood changes, weight gain, thinning hair, and loss of breast fullness.
  • Treatment includes hormone therapy, such as estrogen, vaginal estrogen, low-dose antidepressants, gabapentin, clonidine and medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis.
  • Experts recommend finding ways to cool hot flashes, decreasing vaginal discomfort with OTC medications, getting enough sleep, practicing relaxation techniques, strengthening the pelvic flood with muscle exercises, eating a balanced diet, not smoking, and exercising regularly.


Menopause - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

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