Clinical Pearl of the Day: Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first-time during pregnancy (gestation).
- Similar to other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how the cells use sugar.
- Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect the pregnancy and the baby's health.
- Expectant mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising, and, if necessary, taking medication.
- Controlling blood sugar can keep the mother and baby healthy and prevent a difficult delivery.
- In women with gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery.
- But if the patient has had gestational diabetes, there is a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
- Risk factors include being overweight, lack of physical activity, and diabetes history in the family.
- Diagnosis includes blood sugar tests with the provider or specialist.
- Preventive and treatment tools may include exercise, eating healthy foods, keeping active, and some medications to control the blood sugars