Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Fetal Macrosoma
A baby with fetal macrosomia weighs more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces.
Clinical Pearl of the Day: Fetal Macrosoma
The term fetal macrosomia is used to describe a newborn who's much larger than average.
- A baby who is diagnosed as having fetal macrosomia weighs more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces (4000 grams), regardless of gestational age.
- Approximately 9% of babies worldwide weigh more than 8 pounds, 13 ounces.
- Risks associated with fetal macrosomia increase greatly when birth weight is more than 9 pounds, 15 ounces (4500 grams).
- Fetal macrosomia may complicate vaginal delivery and can put the baby at risk of injury during birth.
- Fetal macrosomia also puts the baby at increased risk of health problems after birth.
- Symptoms may include the fundal height, which is the length from the top of the uterus to the pubic bone, and excessive amniotic fluid.
- Causes may be genetic.
- Risk factors may include maternal diabetes, maternal obesity, previous pregnancies, having a boy, overdue pregnancy, and maternal age.
- Treatment may include possible C-section, monitoring the mom and the baby after birth, and preventive measures to control the underlying disease conditions the mom and the baby will have.