Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Atrial Fibrillation

Article

During atrial fibrillation, both of the heart's upper chambers beat chaotically and irregularly without coordination.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and often rapid heart rate that can increase your risk of strokes, heart failure and other heart-related complications.

Explanation:

  • During atrial fibrillation, the heart's 2 upper chambers (the atria) beat chaotically and irregularly without coordination.
  • Symptoms include palpitations, weakness, fatigue, lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
  • Atrial fibrillation may be occasional, permanent, persistent, and long-acting persistent.
  • Treatment goals include resetting the rhythm, controlling the rate, as well as preventing blood clots and decreasing the risk of stroke.
  • Medications used for maintaining a normal heart rhythm include dofetilide, flecainide, propafenone, amiodarone, and sotalol.
  • Medications used for heart rate control include digoxin, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers.
  • Anti-coagulants include warfarin and direct oral anticoagulants.

Source:

Atrial fibrillation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Related Videos
BillionPhotos.com - stock.adobe.com
Whole psilocybin mushroom in a clear medication capsule | Image credit: Zim - stock.adobe.com
Patient suffering from atopic dermatitis -- Image credit: Nikkikii | stock.adobe.com
Image credit: Fabio Balbi | stock.adobe.com
Image credit: Melita - stock.adobe.com
Emergency CPR on a Man who has Heart Attack , One Part of the Process Resuscitation (First Aid) - Image credit: Platoo Studio | stock.adobe.com
Atopic dermatitis on a patient's hand -- Image credit: Ольга Тернавская | stock.adobe.com
cropped view of man performing chest compression on dummy during cpr training class - Image credit: LIGHTFIELD STUDIOS | stock.adobe.com
Medicine law concept. Judges gavel with pills | Image Credit: Iren Moroz - stock.adobe.com
© 2024 MJH Life Sciences

All rights reserved.