Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is a mental health disorder that includes a combination of persistent challenges, such as difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition that includes a combination of persistent challenges, such as difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior.

Insight:

  • Though it's called adult ADHD, symptoms start in early childhood and continue into adulthood.
  • Adult ADHD symptoms may not be as clear as ADHD symptoms in children. In adults, hyperactivity may decrease, but struggles with impulsiveness, restlessness, and difficulty paying attention may continue.
  • ADHD symptoms may include impulsiveness, disorganization and problems prioritizing, poor time management skills, trouble multitasking, poor planning, mood swings, hot temper, and trouble coping with stress.
  • Causes may be genetic, environmental factors, and due to problems during mental development.
  • Treatment may include medications, cognitive and behavioral therapy, and skill training.
  • Medications may include stimulants such as Adderall, Dexedrine, Focalin, and Ritalin, and some non-stimulants, such as atomoxetine, and antidepressants such as bupropion.

Sources:

Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Stimulant Medications for ADHD Treatment: Types, Side Effects, and More (webmd.com)