Mechanisms of Blood Glucose Regulation by the Body

Pharmacy Times Office of Continuing Professional Education

Diabetes Update for Pharmacists: Mechanisms of Blood Glucose Regulation by the Body

Nissa Mazzola, PharmD

Assistant Clinical Professor, Clinical Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions, St. John's University, Queens, New York

Ambulatory Care Specialist, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York

Glucose is an essential source of energy for many cells and tissues within the body. In adults without diabetes, blood glucose levels are tightly regulated by the body within a range of 70 to 99 mg/dL that is maintained by hormones, the central and peripheral nervous system, and the metabolic requirements of the body. This CE activity is the first in a series that will help pharmacists understand the normal regulation of glucose by the body, explain new understandings in glucose regulation involving the kidney, and cover how the current and soon-to-be available pharmacotherapeutic agents address these deficits. Equipped with this knowledge, pharmacists can work as an integral part of the interdisciplinary team involved in the care of patients with diabetes.

Educational Objectives

Upon completion of this educational activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review traditional understandings of glucose regulation by the body.
  • Examine different mechanisms involved in maintaining glucose balance and the different organ systems involved.
  • Define the various derangements involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes.

Credits: 2.0

Expiration date: August 15, 2013

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