Gastritis is a general term for a group of conditions which are all characterized by inflammation of the stomach lining.
- The inflammation associated with gastritis is most often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers.
- Regular use of certain pain relievers and drinking too much alcohol can also contribute to gastritis.
- Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis), or it may appear slowly over time (chronic gastritis).
- In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer.
- Symptoms may include burning pain, vomiting, nausea, and a feeling of fullness.
- Risk factors may include bacterial infections, regular use of pain relievers, older age, excessive alcohol use, and stress.
- Diagnosis of gastritis includes testing for H. Pylori, endoscopy, and X-ray of the digestive tract.
- Treatment includes medications to treat and kill H. Pylori, such as Clarithromycin; medications to block stomach acid, such as omeprazole; medications to reduce acid production, such as famotidine; and the use of antacids to neutralize stomach acid.