Physicians Miss RLS Diagnosis

Pharmacy Times, Volume 0, 0

Despite the fact that restless legs syndrome (RLS) causes difficulty falling asleep or stayingasleep, the findings of a new study suggest that the condition may be underdiagnosed inthe primary care setting. RLS is a sleep and movement disorder characterized by an unpleasantfeeling in the legs, which causes an urge to move in order to relieve the symptoms.

The study, published recently in Sleep Medicine, included >23,000 patients in 5 industrializedWestern countries. The results showed that 9.6% (2223) reported weekly RLS symptoms;1557 of these patients had medical follow-up questionnaires completed by themselvesand their physicians. Among these patients, an RLS subgroup of 551 patients likelyneeding treatment was defined as reporting at least twice-weekly symptoms with appreciablenegative impact on quality of life. Almost 65% of those patients said that they had consulteda physician regarding their symptoms during the previous year. Only 13% of thosepatients, however, reported receiving a diagnosis of RLS by their physician.