Top news of the day from across the health care landscape.
The rotavirus vaccine may reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes in children, Science News reported. According to the article, a new study analyzed private insurance data covering 2001 to 2017 for approximately 1.5 million US children who were infants during the study period. In fully vaccinated children, the incidence of type 1 diabetes was 12.2 cases per 100,000 people per year compared with 20.6 per 100,000 in the unvaccinated group, the article reported.
A new study provided evidence of the association between exposure to toxic dust after the collapse of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, with an increased risk of prostate cancer in men, The Wall Street Journal reported. According to the article, the study showed that World Trade Center responders with prostate cancer showed signs that inflammation was activated in prostate cancer after exposure to toxic dust. Previous work has reported an increased incidence of prostate cancer among responders, but the underlying mechanisms had been uncertain, the article reported.
A recent study found that long-term use of prescription opioids for chronic pain is more common among individuals who are overweight or obese, Reuters reported. According to the article, the researchers analyzed data for more than 25,000 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Compared with individuals with a body mass index (BMI) in the normal range, the study showed that those with BMI in the overweight range had 11% higher odds of chronic prescription opioid use. Among those with BMI in the overweight range, the odds of regular use of opioids for pain increased from being 26% higher to being 233% higher with higher severity of obesity, the article reported.