Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Seizures
Types of seizure include focal seizures with impaired awareness, generalized seizures without loss of consciousness, and generalized seizures, such as absence seizures.
Clinical Pearl of the Day: Seizures
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain.
- Symptoms include temporary confusion, a staring spell, uncontrollable jerking movement, loss of consciousness or awareness, fear, and anxiety.
- Types include focal seizures with impaired awareness; generalized seizures without loss of consciousness; and generalized seizures, including absence seizures, tonic seizures, atonic seizures, clonic seizures, myoclonic seizures, and tonic-clonic seizures
- Causes may include high fever, lack of sleep, flashing lights, low blood sodium, head trauma, autoimmune disorders, stroke, brain tumor, alcohol misuse, and viral infections.
- Treatment options may include carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid, oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine, gabapentin, topiramate, phenobarbital and zonisamide.