Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Hepatitis C

Article

Approximately half of people with HCV don't know they're infected, mainly because they have no symptoms.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation, sometimes leading to serious liver damage.

Insight:

  • HCV spreads through contaminated blood.Approximately half of people with HCV don't know they're infected, mainly because they have no symptoms, which can take decades to appear.
  • The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all adults 18 to 79 years of age be screened for HCV, even those without symptoms or known liver disease.
  • Symptoms may include bleeding easily, bruising, fatigue, poor appetite, yellow discoloration, dark-colored urine, itchy skin, fluid build-up, and swelling in the legs.
  • Every chronic HCV infection starts with an acute phase. Acute HCV usually goes undiagnosed because it rarely causes symptoms.
  • Acute HCV infection doesn't always become chronic.
  • Treatment may include medications, surgery, and vaccinations.
  • Medications include Ribavirin, Harvoni, Zepatier, Epclusa, Vosevi, Mavyret, and interferon.

Sources:

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