Clinical Pearl of the Day: Fibroadenoma
Fibroadenomas are solid, noncancerous breast lumps that occur most often in women between 15 and 35 years of age.
- A fibroadenoma might feel firm, smooth, rubbery or hard, and has a well-defined shape.
- Usually painless, it might feel like a marble in the breast, moving easily under the skin when examined.
- Fibroadenomas vary in size and can enlarge or shrink on their own.
- Fibroadenomas are among the most common noncancerous (benign) breast lumps in young women.
- Symptoms include round with smooth border lumps, which are easily moved, firm, rubbery, and painless.
- Diagnosis may include mammogram, breast ultrasound, and biopsy (fine needles and core needle).
- Types of fibroadenomas may include:
- Complex fibroadenomas, juvenile fibroadenomas, giant fibroadenomas, and phyllodes tumor.
- Treatment may include monitoring to detect changes in size or feel, a biopsy to evaluate the lump, or surgery to remove it.
- Surgery may include lumpectomy or excisional biopsy, or cryoablation.