Community Pharmacists: Valuable Team Members in the Fight with Diabetes


Through clinical and humanistic interventions, pharmacists can improve outcomes and lower costs for patients with diabetes.

By 2030, diabetes-related annual costs will reach $622.3 billion. Through clinical and humanistic interventions, pharmacists can improve outcomes and lower costs for patients with diabetes.

Researchers have published a meta-analysis of 6 randomized controlled trials that enrolled 640 patients and evaluated interventions of community pharmacists for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy. Data collection occurred between 2000 and 2016 to ensure that data reflected recent practices in community pharmacies.

The researchers sought to determine the impact of community pharmacists' interventions for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. They also looked for effective components of pharmacist-led interventions and descriptions of pharmacists' training to deliver those interventions.

Pharmaceutical care by community pharmacists lowered A1C values in the intervention group compared to the control group by -0.66. Setting individual goals and communication with physicians were the most effective components of pharmacist-led interventions. Additional effective components included assessing current health status, patients' health beliefs, and current medication knowledge.

The small number of studies provided insufficient information on the effect of different training designs and content for pharmacists, so the researchers did not perform statistical analysis. Improvement in glycemic control helps patients avoid diabetes-related complications with dire consequences. The researchers emphasized that community pharmacists are vital health care team members for patients with diabetes because their interventions can improve A1C levels.

Community pharmacists should provide patient-centered, interdisciplinary pharmaceutical care whenever possible. Further research will be able provide more knowledge on the precise effect of different training settings, components, and methods on the effectiveness of pharmaceutical care interventions.

Check out Pharmacy Times' Peer Exchange series on improving collaborative care in diabetes.

Blerina Mukallari, 2018 PharmD Candidate, the University of Connecticut


Deters MA, Laven A, Castejon A, et al. Effective interventions for diabetes patients by community pharmacists: a meta-analysis of pharmaceutical care components. Ann Pharmacother. 2018 Feb;52(2):198-211. doi: 10.1177/1060028017733272. Epub 2017 Sep 26. PubMed PMID: 28948839.

Related Videos
Diabetes patient turn knob on end of insulin pen and dial up correct insulin dose for injection. Scale window on pen syringe showing number of units dose. Medical equipment is easy to self injection - Image credit: Orawan |
Laboratory test tubes and solution with stethoscope background | Image Credit: Shutter2U -
Image credit: Andrea Izzotti
Inflation Reduction Act is shown using the text and the US flag - Image credit: Andrii |
Pharmacy Interior | Image Credit: Tyler Olson -
Patient with diabetes testing blood sugar levels
Male pharmacist selling medications at drugstore to a senior woman customer | Image Credit: Zamrznuti tonovi -
Pharmacist assists senior woman in buying medicine in pharmacy - Image credit: Drazen |
Pharmacy, medicine and senior woman consulting pharmacist on prescription. Healthcare, shopping and elderly female in consultation with medical worker for medication box, pills or product in store - Image credit: C Daniels/ |
© 2023 MJH Life Sciences

All rights reserved.