Risk of UI Higher in Patients with Diabetes

Pharmacy Times, Volume 0, 0

According to a new report in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society(November 2005), women with type 2 diabetes face an increased risk of urinaryurge incontinence (UI). The authors suggest that, "because many studieshave shown that women often do not mention their [UI] to physicians,medical evaluation of patients with diabetes might include screening for[UI], along with discussion of diagnostic and treatment options."

Researchers at Harvard Medical School used data from the Nurses' Health Study to compare the risk of UI in women with type 2 diabetes withthat of women without the disease. Between 1996 and 2000, the rate of UIwas 10.5% in women with diabetes and 7% in women without it. Longerduration of diabetes increased the risk of UI—women who had diabetes for>10 years had nearly a 50% greater risk of developing UI.

After age as a contributing factor was accounted for, women with diabeteshad a 28% greater risk of being incontinent, and a 21% greater riskof developing UI, than women without diabetes. The results were similarafter excluding other risk factors, such as obesity, history of stroke,and smoking.