A study published in the Clinical Journal of American Society of Nephrology found that a healthy dietary pattern may prevent chronic kidney disease (CKD) and albuminuria.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the incidence of CKD in adults and children. Eighteen cohort studies were eligible for analysis, which included 630,108 adults and no children participants. Eligible studies had to report on the primary outcome—incidence of CKD.

Results showed that the included studies had an overall low risk of bias. Evidence certainty was moderate for CKD incidence and low for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline and incident albuminuria. Healthy dietary patterns typically encouraged higher intake of vegetables, fruit, legumes, nuts, whole grains, fish, and low-fat dairy. Lower intake of red and processed meats, sodium, and sugar-sweetened beverages were also included in the dietary patterns.

A lower incidence of CKD and albuminuria was associated with a healthy dietary pattern; however, there was no significant association between healthy dietary patterns and eGFR decline, the study concluded.

Reference

Bach KE, Kelly JT, Palmer SC, et al. Healthy dietary patterns and incidence of CKD. CJASN. Oct 2019; 14 (10): 1441-1449. doi: 10.2215/CJN.00530119.