Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia

Kidney disease is among the most common causes of both hyperkalemia and hypokalemia.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia

  • Hyperkalemia is high potassium levels.
  • Hypokalemia is low potassium levels.

Explanation:

  • Normal potassium levels in the body: 3.6- 5.2 (mmol/L).
  • Most common causes of hyperkalemia include acute and chronic kidney disease, as well as medications.
  • Most common causes of hypokalemia include medication use, such as water pills and kidney disease, as well as alcohol consumption.
  • Hyperkalemia treatment options: Patiromer (Veltassa), sodium zirconium (Lokelma)
  • Hypokalemia treatment options: Klor-Con, K-Tab, potassium chloride

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