Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IBS can be caused by muscle contractions in the intestines, nervous system, severe infections, early life stress, and changes in the gut microbes.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

  • IBS is a condition that affects the large intestine.

Explanation:

  • The signs and symptoms of IBS include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, or constipation.
  • Some symptoms can be managed by diet, lifestyle, and controlling stress.
  • IBS can be caused by muscle contractions in the intestines, nervous system, severe infections, early life stress, and changes in the gut microbes.
  • Symptoms can be triggered by food and stress.
  • Dietary solutions can include a gluten-free diet, avoiding high-gas foods, and a FODMAP diet
  • Medications for IBS may include alosetron (Lotronex), eluxadoline (Viberzi), rifaximin (Xifaxan), lubiprostone (Amitiza), and linaclotide (Linzess).

Reference:

Irritable bowel syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic