Clinical Pearl of the Day: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- IBS is a condition that affects the large intestine.
- The signs and symptoms of IBS include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, or constipation.
- Some symptoms can be managed by diet, lifestyle, and controlling stress.
- IBS can be caused by muscle contractions in the intestines, nervous system, severe infections, early life stress, and changes in the gut microbes.
- Symptoms can be triggered by food and stress.
- Dietary solutions can include a gluten-free diet, avoiding high-gas foods, and a FODMAP diet
- Medications for IBS may include alosetron (Lotronex), eluxadoline (Viberzi), rifaximin (Xifaxan), lubiprostone (Amitiza), and linaclotide (Linzess).
Irritable bowel syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic