Pharmacy Clinical Pearl of the Day: Down Syndrome

Article

Down syndrome is the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children.

Clinical Pearl of the Day: Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21.

Insight:

  • Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays.
  • It's the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children.
  • Symptoms include flattened face, small head, short neck, protruding tongue, upward slanting eye lids, poor muscle tone, excessive flexibility, and short height.
  • Causes might be Trisomy 21, Mosaic Down syndrome and Translocation Down syndrome.
  • Early detection of the disorder will help the family take action faster and consult many providers, such as endocrinology, cardiology, neurology, speech, and physical therapy.

Sources:

Down syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

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