Patients with Diabetes at Increased Risk of Oral Health Problems

Published Online: Monday, January 14, 2013
Type 2 diabetes patients may be at a greater risk for periodontitis, according to a study published in the December 2012 issue of Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Researchers followed more than 35,000 male health professionals from 1986 to 2006 to analyze the association between diabetes and the risk of periodontitis and tooth loss. Information on diabetes, periodontitis, and tooth loss was collected once every 2 years through a mailed questionnaire. The researchers also collected data on age, race, smoking history, body mass index, physical activity, eating habits, and alcohol consumption to eliminate any confounding variables.

Men with type 2 diabetes had a 29% increased risk of periodontitis compared with those without diabetes. Researchers also found that men with type 2 diabetes who consumed less fruit and vegetables than the study average had a 49% increased risk of periodontitis than nondiabetic participants. The researchers did not find a significant increase in risk of tooth loss in diabetes patients.

The researchers conclude that more studies are needed to analyze the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption, diabetes, and risk of periodontitis, as few studies have investigated an association between these variables.

Latest Articles
In case you got caught up in the Thanksgiving holiday rush, here are the top trending stories you may have missed in November:
Bryan Ziegler, PharmD, executive director of Kennedy Pharmacy Innovation Center, provides some resources for community pharmacists to use when implementing new collaborative services with primary care providers.
James Schiffer, RPh, associate at Allegaert Berger & Vogel LLC, discusses some tips for pharmacists who are facing a Drug Enforcement Administration audit.
Carlos Aquino, founder and president of PharmaDiversion LLC, talks about the importance of the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) diversion website.
Latest Issues