Respiratory Infections in Infants May Increase Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

Published Online: Wednesday, August 7, 2013
Follow Pharmacy_Times:
Young children who experience respiratory infections may be at increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes, according to the results of a study published online on July 1, 2013, in JAMA Pediatrics.

Researchers from the Institute of Diabetes Research in Germany enrolled 148 children at high risk for type 1 diabetes in a prospective cohort study and collected data on infections and assessments of islet autoimmunity during the participants’ first 3 years of life.

A total of 1245 infections were recorded in participants from birth until age 3. Children who experienced respiratory infections during the first 6 months of life were more than twice as likely to develop antibodies against pancreatic islet cells as were infection-free children. Children who developed respiratory infections between 6 months and 1 year of age had a risk of producing antibodies against islet cells 1.32 times that of those who did not develop infections. However, the results suggested no significant association between infections in the second year of life and the initiation of islet autoimmunity.

Although the researchers were not able to pinpoint a specific type of infectious agent that contributes to the increased risk of type 1 diabetes, their results suggest that respiratory infections, specifically acute rhinopharyngitis, play an important role.


Related Articles
Not every patient requires an aspirin a day.
The FDA announced today that it will permit the marketing of a mobile medical app that will help patients with diabetes share data from a continuous glucose monitor with other individuals.
Despite hospitals’ improved infection controls, 1 out of every 25 patients contracts at least 1 infection during his or her stay.
The introduction of sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors has marked a turning point in the management of patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Latest Issues
  • photo
    Pharmacy Times
    photo
    Health-System Edition
    photo
    Directions in Pharmacy
    photo
    OTC Guide
    photo
    Generic Supplements
  • photo
    Pharmacy Careers
    photo
    Specialty Pharmacy Times
    photo
    Generic
$auto_registration$