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Teenagers with badly controlled type 1 diabetes may benefit from a home-based psychotherapy program. For the study, 127 adolescents were randomly assigned to standard medical care only or to standard medical care plus 6 months of intervention focusing on problems associated with adherence to diabetes treatment. The behavioral intervention group was successful in improving diabetes control. The researchers noted that average long-term blood sugar improved to a point that was both statistically and clinically meaningful.
"Our study showed that families were willing to receive behavioral treatment when it was provided in their home, and that such intensive behavioral interventions can result in improved outcomes," said researcher Deborah A. Ellis, PhD. (The findings were reported in Diabetes Care, July 2005.)