Patients who have had a stroke can ward off the risk of pneumonia with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. For the study, the researchers evaluated the risk of pneumonia in >1000 patients who had had a stroke. The patients involved in the 35-month study were given 1 of 3 treatments: ACE inhibitors, other blood pressure drugs, or a placebo. The data showed 2.8% of the ACE inhibitor group developed pneumonia, compared with 8.5% of the patients in the other 2 groups. (The findings were reported in Neurology, February 9, 2005.)
Although the annual HIV diagnosis rate between 2010 and 2014 decreased for black individuals by 16.2%, blacks remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS.
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