Extended uvulopalatal flap (EUPF) surgery may reduce the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, reported the authors of a study published in Archives of Otolaryngology (February 2004). The procedure involves the removal of fatty tissues, soft glands in the throat, and the tonsils to open airway space; the muscle tissue is left alone. The surgery was performed on 55 patients with sleep apnea at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. The surgery resulted in an 82% success rate. Additionally, patients who had EUPF surgery snored less, had improved blood oxygen levels, and experienced less daytime sleepiness.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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