Bullying should be considered a serious indicator for more serious violent behavior and not a normal part of growing up, according to study results recently published in The Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. Researchers based their conclusions on data from 15,686 US schoolchildren in grades 6 through 10 in public and private schools who completed the World Health Organization?s Health Behavior in School-Aged Children survey in 1998. The survey asked the participants to report whether they carried weapons (such as a gun, knife, or club for self-defense), whether they had a history of fighting, and whether they were ever injured in a fight.
Nearly 30% of the children reported being involved in bullying either as the bully, the target, or both. The researchers discovered that involvement in any violence-related behaviors ranged between 13% and 23% for boys and between 4% and 11% for girls. In both groups, bullying and being bullied were related to violent behavior. Participants who described themselves as bullies, as opposed to those who were bullied, had a higher risk of engaging in violent behavior. An even greater risk was found associated with bullying off school grounds.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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