Competition for the typical US family prescription drug dollar is surprisingly stiff. The results of a new study show that, on average, individuals who patronize independent community pharmacies now have a choice of 21 other retail pharmacies in their market area.
The choices are even broader in urban areas, where 7 of 10 independent pharmacies are located. Individuals in these areas have access to an average of 30 other outlets within a 2-mile radius—including chain drugstores, supermarket pharmacies, and other independents—said the researchers at SK&A Information Services.
The concentration of community pharmacies is considerably less in nonurban areas, the study found. In the suburbs, independent pharmacy consumers have access to an average of 7 competing pharmacies located within 5 miles of their current pharmacy, whereas rural areas average 14 competing pharmacies within 15 miles.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
Clinical features with downloadable PDFs