A study done in the United Kingdom suggests that normal amounts of caffeine can cause a significant reduction in nighttime episodes of hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetics. The study involved 19 patients with long-standing type 1 diabetes. They were put on a low-caffeine diet that was supplemented for 2 weeks with either two 250-mg caffeine capsules given twice daily or placebo capsules. Then they were switched to the opposite capsules for another 2 weeks.
The researchers found that with the caffeine supplement the average duration of nighttime hypoglycemia was 49 minutes; with the placebo, it was 132 minutes. They stated, however, that the underlying physiologic cause remains unclear and may be related to an alteration in non-rapid-eye-movement sleep, a common side effect of caffeine.
5 Studies That Shaped HIV Treatment That Every Pharmacist Should Know
Over the years, a number of landmark clinical studies in the field of virology have been published, shaping how we treat many infectious diseases today.
News from the year's biggest meetings
Clinical features with downloadable PDFs