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Death shortly after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is more prevalent in individuals with type 2 diabetes, even when a number of risk factors are taken into account. Reporting the findings in Chest (December 2004), the researchers followed >6700 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. One third of the participants had type 2 diabetes.
A month after surgery, the mortality rate was 3.9% among patients with diabetes, compared with 2.6% for participants without diabetes. Even with adjustments for other risk factors calculated, the diabetic group had a 67% higher mortality risk.
The results of the study also revealed that patients with diabetes had longer hospital stays, experienced more kidney and wound complications, and had more episodes when their heart's pumping strength dropped.