Who has the highest risk of developing diabetes and heart disease? According to a 5-year Scottish study, the results of which were published in a July 2003 issue of Circulation, the patients at greatest risk are those with ?metabolic syndrome? or ?syndrome x.? Individuals have metabolic syndrome if they have just 3 of the following 5 conditions: abdominal obesity, high levels of triglycerides, low levels of ?good? cholesterol, high blood sugar levels, and high blood pressure.
Study participants with 3-condition metabolic syndrome were 3.5 times as likely to develop diabetes, whereas those with 4 or 5 metabolic conditions had a 24.5 times greater risk of developing diabetes, compared with people with none of the features. The study suggested that metabolic syndrome was the first simple way to calculate diabetes risk.
Women with abnormal vaginal microbiota showed no difference in efficacy of daily oral PrEP compared to women with normal vaginal microbiota.
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