Recently, brushes that ?massage? the gums have introduced a new dimension to the prevention of gum problems. Certain persons (eg, diabetics) are more prone to periodontal diseases?including the mildest form, gingivitis, in which gums swell and may bleed. Brushing away the plaque on the teeth and gums, ideally after each meal, prevents plaque accumulation and can potentially stimulate gum circulation.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
Clinical features with downloadable PDFs