Individuals aged 45 to 64 with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) reported disturbed sleep, according to a Sleep in America survey conducted by the National Sleep Foundation. The poll of 2000 individuals found that approximately 50% of the respondents reported having trouble falling asleep, which affected their work productivity and leisure activities.
A separate study of sleep habits on 15,314 adults showed that 25% experienced heartburn that interrupted their sleep ≥2 times a month. Furthermore, the study found that participants who consumed carbonated soft drinks were 24% more likely to be awakened by heartburn, compared with individuals who did not drink carbonated beverages. Taking a benzodiazepine sleeping pill also increased the incidence of nighttime heartburn. (The results were reported in Chest, May 2005.)
Although the annual HIV diagnosis rate between 2010 and 2014 decreased for black individuals by 16.2%, blacks remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS.
Clinical features with downloadable PDFs