Patients with diabetes may want to think twice about their footwear. A Caribbean study found that inadequate footwear triples the risk of lower-leg amputation. Reporting in Diabetes Care (November 2004), the researchers said that the overall rate of lowerextremity amputation among diabetes patients was 936 per 10,000 patients. The rate is 3 times higher than for similar Caribbean migrants to the United Kingdom.
The study pointed to men and single individuals having a higher risk of amputation, influenced by how long the individual had diabetes and how well blood glucose levels were controlled. The researchers reported that the chance of lower-leg amputation risk was almost tripled in men going barefoot, doubled in women regularly wearing sneakers to work, increased 4-fold by wearing sneakers to town, and doubled by wearing rubber thong sandals.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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