Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), researchers estimated that Americans with diabetes born between 1931 and 1941 cost the country a staggering $133.5 billion by the year 2000. For the study, the researchers factored in sick days, disability, early retirement, and premature death among a national household sample of older adults interviewed over an 8-year period as part of the HRS. Since 1992, HRS conducted interviews every 2 years with a nationally representative sample of 22,000 Americans aged 50 and older to evaluate major trends in health and economic well-being.
Reporting in Health Services Research (December 2004), the researchers found that between 1992 and 2000 the average individual with diabetes lost $2800 in wages because of early retirement, $630 due to sick days, and $22,100 as a result of disability. Because the analysis was limited to a narrow age group, the total cost of lost productivity due to diabetes is much higher, stressed the researchers.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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