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Women may want to think twice about eating large quantities of red meat. A study, reported in Diabetes Care (September 2004), looked at the connection between red meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes. The research involved 37,309 participants in the Women's Health Study who were followed for 8.8 years. When the study began, the women were at least 45 years old and had no history of heart disease, stroke, cancer, or diabetes.
Using food questionnaires to determine the quantity of red meat the participants ate, 1558 women were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during the study. The researchers found that women who ate the greatest amounts of red meat were 28% more likely to develop diabetes, compared with their peers who ate the smallest amounts.