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Regular condom use can significantly reduce a woman's risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The study involved 684 sexually active women with a history of PID. The researchers asked the participants to keep track of their sexual practices and recurrences of the disease for nearly 3 years.
The findings showed that condoms, proven barriers against viral infections, also help prevent the types of bacterial infection that can cause PID. The researchers discovered that the women who reported using condoms least often were more apt to have the condition and related problems such as chronic pelvic pain and infertility. On the other hand, women who used condoms at least 60% of the time had considerably fewer problems. (The findings were reported in The American Journal of Public Health, August 2004.)