Vitamins Do Not Stop Pneumonia in Male Smokers

MAY 01, 2004

A study, reported in Chest (February 2004), found that vitamin E and beta-carotene supplementation have no role in the occurrence of pneumonia in male smokers. On the other hand, however, it appears that vitamin E may help men who begin smoking later in life.

To determine whether vitamin E or beta-carotene supplementation affects the risk of pneumonia, the researchers took data from the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention study. They analyzed the effects of vitamin E and beta-carotene on the rate of lung cancer in 29,133 men who smoked at least 5 cigarettes a day at the beginning of the study. The participants, who ranged between 50 and 69 years of age, were followed for 6 years. They were randomly assigned to receive the supplements or a placebo. Neither the participants nor the researchers knew which type of pill was given.

In this study, the main outcome measure was the first occurrence of hospital-related pneumonia. The researchers identified 898 cases in the national hospital discharge register. The results showed that vitamin E supplementation lowered the risk of pneumonia by 35% among participants who began smoking at age 21 and older.Yet, beta-carotene supplementation increased the risk by 58% in this population.


Conference Coverage from ASHP Summer 2017 

Four years after they first launched the Summer Meetings in Minneapolis, Minn., the ASHP 2017 Summer Meetings and Exhibition was in Minneapolis once again.  


Pharmacy Times Strategic Alliance

Pharmacist Education
Clinical features with downloadable PDFs

Next-Generation Pharmacist® Awards

3rd Annual Convenient Healthcare and Pharmacy Collaborative Conference

Personalize the information you receive by selecting targeted content and special offers.