Contrary to popular wisdom, sugar does not play a major role in causing diabetes, according to the results of a recent study of more than 38,000 women aged 45 and older enrolled in the Women?s Health Study.Total calorie intake and a sedentary lifestyle are much more important.
Study participants filled out food-frequency questionnaires. The researchers then added up the total sugar intake. Over a 6-year period, only 918 women developed type 2 diabetes.
The investigators concluded that there is "no definitive influence of sugar intake on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes." The results of the study, led by Dr. Sok-Ja Janket of Harvard, appeared in the April 2003 issue of Diabetes Care. The authors are quick to point out that moderation in sugar intake is still a good idea. Yet, as the 1994 American Diabetes Association?s guidelines suggest, sugar does not have to be completely shunned.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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