In the past, the only way to diagnose osteoarthritis (OA) was through X-rays, computed tomography scans, or magnetic resonance imaging. And those methods have been far from satisfactory because it takes months before any changes in cartilage become evident.
In a new study published in the October issue of Arthritis and Rheumatism, researchers discuss findings demonstrating that OA causes changes in the levels of 2 markers of collagen production and metabolism in the blood and urine. These appear to be biological markers for cartilage synthesis and degradation that are present in OA.
Although the annual HIV diagnosis rate between 2010 and 2014 decreased for black individuals by 16.2%, blacks remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS.
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