According to a new report in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (November 2005), women with type 2 diabetes face an increased risk of urinary urge incontinence (UI). The authors suggest that, "because many studies have shown that women often do not mention their [UI] to physicians, medical evaluation of patients with diabetes might include screening for [UI], along with discussion of diagnostic and treatment options."
Researchers at Harvard Medical School used data from the Nurses' Health Study to compare the risk of UI in women with type 2 diabetes with that of women without the disease. Between 1996 and 2000, the rate of UI was 10.5% in women with diabetes and 7% in women without it. Longer duration of diabetes increased the risk of UIwomen who had diabetes for >10 years had nearly a 50% greater risk of developing UI.
After age as a contributing factor was accounted for, women with diabetes had a 28% greater risk of being incontinent, and a 21% greater risk of developing UI, than women without diabetes. The results were similar after excluding other risk factors, such as obesity, history of stroke, and smoking.
One study linked multiple pregnancies to an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and another investigated the association between premature delivery and cardiovascular disease.
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