Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who had tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy showed improvements in behavioral and emotional problems. The study included 42 children with OSA who had the procedure and a control group of 41 children without OSA. Reporting in the Archives of Otolaryngology (January 2005), the researchers found that children with OSA had a 29% rate of behavioral and emotional problems, compared with a rate of 10% in the control group.
The OSA group fared much better after the surgical procedure. The results of the study found that only 12% the OSA group scored in the abnormal or borderline range for behavioral and emotional problems. "This study provides further evidence that behavioral and emotional problems are present in children with OSA and improve after treatment. Large improvements in disease-specific health-related QOL (quality of life) are also found,"concluded the authors.